The History of England

from Celts through 20th century

Archives for the ‘20th century’ Category


Category: Education

The following stage in the British educational system is further education. The term ‘further education’ can be used in a general sense to cover all post-school education, and it usually refers to post-school, non-university education. Much of the further education is broadly vocational in purpose. Young people have several options at 16. They can stay […]


Category: Education

The educational system of Great Britain is heavily class-conditioned, both historically and actually. Inequalities in schooling cause differences in the internal structure of schools themselves and in the content of teaching. This reflects the differences in the social class composition of the student bodies. Not surprisingly, the results of schooling differ greatly for children of […]

The press, television and radio

Category: Cinema + TV/Radio

In Great Britain, as well as in the rest of the Western world, newspapers, magazines, radio and television have long been capitalist enterprises. Two streams are distinguished here in the mass media, each with its own objectives, methods and forms of presentation: ‘big media’ and ‘opinion press’. The ‘big media’ are supposed to keep the […]

Northern Ireland

Category: Land + People

Northern Ireland is a unique region within the United Kingdom, for in addition to economic problems similar to those seen in other national outlying regions, there are political divisions, which reflect the unsettled Irish issue. At present Northern Ireland in the political sense comprises six counties of Ulster, which was one of the four provinces […]


Category: Land + People

Scotland due to its physical features which influence the development of the economy is divided into 3 parts: the Scottish Highlands which occupy the vast, complicated mountain area in the northern part of the country, the Southern Uplands which cover the smaller and lower hill area in the south and the Central Lowlands occupying the […]


Category: Land + People

Wales is a predominantly mountainous country, with large areas of land over six hundred metres in height, and, for the past two hundred years, these upland areas have lost population. South Wales is the main area of industrial activity, because it was coal that first gave life to industry. The nineteenth century saw a tenfold […]

North England

Category: Land + People

North England is situated between Lancashire and Yorkshire in the south and Scotland in the north. However, within this economic region we may distinguish two main centres of industrial activity: one situated in the north-east around the estuaries of the rivers Tyne, Wear and Tees and the other in the north-west in Cumberland (Workington, Whitehaven, […]

Lancashire and Yorkshire

Category: Land + People

Two major industrial regions are situated to the north of the Midlands. They are Lancashire, which is on the western slopes of the Pennines and Yorkshire on the eastern side. Lancashire is a historic centre of British industry, it is the birthplace of capitalism and it was here that the Industrial Revolution started. We may […]

The Midlands

Category: Land + People

The Midlands is situated in the centre of Great Britain between the South Industrial and Agricultural region in the south and Lancashire and Yorkshire in the north. For the past two hundred years the Midlands has been one of Britain’s leading industrial regions. It was the presence of coalfields, especially the South Staffordshire coalfields, which […]

The South Industrial and Agricultural Region

Category: Land + People

This is the most important region in the country in terms of industry, agriculture and population. Only recently has the growth of population slowed largely as a result of government policies — and even this slowing down has not been reflected in the industrial development of the region. The region includes all the South of […]