The History of England

from Celts through 20th century

Archives for the ‘Brief History of’ Category

Fleet Street

Category: Brief History of

There is nothing else on earth quite like Fleet Street. This thoroughfare, which runs like a crooked spine through east central London has been the home of the British press for 300 years. Here are published almost all of Britain’s national newspapers. Here also are the headquarters of many magazines, foreign and provincial press bureaus, […]



The Established Church of England

Category: Brief History of

The Church of England as established by Henry VIII was never a popular church. In 1649, after the English Revolution, it had become so hated that the victorious bourgeoisie deprived it of its privileges and suppressed the bishops. This new religious freedom enabled all kinds of Puritan congregations to flourish, whose politics tended to be […]



Cambridge – one of the best known towns in the world

Category: Brief History of

Cambridge is one of the best known towns in the world and it can be found on most tourists’ lists of places to visit. Cambridge is famous for its university, which started during the 13th century and grew steadily, until today there are more than twenty colleges. The oldest one is Peterhouse, which was founded […]



A Brief History of Oxford city

Category: Brief History of

Oxford was founded in the 9th century when Alfred the Great created a network of fortified towns called burhs across his kingdom. One of them was at Oxford. Oxford is first mentioned in 911 in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. According to legend, Oxford University was founded in 872 when Alfred the Great happened to meet some […]



A Brief History of Cambridge

Category: Brief History of

Cambridge was founded in 875 when the Danes conquered Eastern England. They created a fortified town called a burgh, from which the word borough derives. Cambridge was surrounded by a ditch and an earth rampart with a wooden palisade on top. However in 1010 Cambridge was burned by the Danes. That was an easy task […]