The Fall of the Roman EmpireCategory: 00 Roman Britain
The Romans remained in Britain for about four centuries and during that time Britain was a Roman province governed by Roman governors and protected by Roman legions.
In the 3rd-4th centuries the power of the Roman Empire gradually weakened. The unproductive labour of the slaves led to the economic decline of the empire. Neither new methods of land cultivation nor new technical inventions were introduced. Slavery became an obstacle to technical progress. Poor cultivation exhausted the fields, the harvests became poorer from year to year.
The uninterrupted struggle of the exploited against the slave-owners greatly weakened the Roman Empire too. The enormous number of slaves presented a great danger to the Roman Empire. The end of the 4th century found the Germanic tribes invading the Western Roman Empire and the slaves who hated the Roman state were joining them by the thousand.
Early in the 5th century (407) the Roman legions were recalled from Britain to defend the central provinces of the Roman Empire from the attacks of the barbarian tribes. They did not return to Britain, and the Celts were left alone in the land.
During the 5th century the Germanic tribes overran the empire and settled in all parts of it. The fall of the Western Roman Empire meant the end of the slave-owning system in Western Europe.